Since beginning our work in Sudan in 2004, we have been able to provide relief and support to hundreds of thousands of vulnerable host communities, displaced people and refugees from neighboring countries. Our work has allowed us to build a more stable and secure future for everyone in Sudan. In 2018 alone, we reached over 361,000 people.
Sudan has a population of 40.5 million people across 728,200 square miles. Out of the total population, 5.5 million people are in need of immediate humanitarian assistance, including almost two million people displaced in Darfur. The ongoing economic crisis characterized by rapid inflation and increasing food prices, means that the number of people in crisis is expected to increase to 5.8 million in 2019.
Decades of conflict, limited investment in agricultural production, and growing environmental shocks and stresses, have resulted in cyclical food insecurity in many communities. It is estimated that one in six children are acutely malnourished. In a country where food security is dependent on agriculture, Sudan is inherently vulnerable to climate change. Desertification is encroaching on valuable agricultural land, affecting the livelihoods of Sudanese farmers. Annually, more than 200,000 people across the country are impacted by flooding. The floods in Sudan lead to fatalities, displacement, loss of crops and more.
Nearly half of the population — around 20 million people — live in poverty, making access to basic necessities like food and clean water increasingly limited.
At the end of 2017, over 690,000 Sudanese had fled to neighboring countries, including South Sudan, Ethiopia and Chad, to escape conflict. More than 2 million people are displaced inside Sudan. A majority of internally displaced people in Sudan currently reside in Darfur.
Sudan is also one of the biggest host countries in the world for refugees. At the end of 2017, an estimated 900,000 refugees from Yemen, Syria, Chad and other neighboring countries came to Sudan to seek asylum. Sudan is also hosting the largest number of South Sudanese refugees in the region, with more than 840,000 seeking safety in the country.
Despite these challenges, Mercy Corps is committed to supporting communities in Sudan to effectively manage conflict and disasters, thereby strengthening recovery, and leading to secure, just, productive and dignified lives.
The Sudan field team is made up of more than 70 staff. 65 are nationals of Sudan and have a unique and personal understanding of the issues facing their country and individual communities.
Mercy Corps currently leads humanitarian and development assistance efforts in conflict-affected South Darfur and South Kordofan states. We are also engaged in the South Sudanese refugee response in refugee camps and vulnerable host communities in White Nile state, and is currently expanding into Kassala and Gedaref states in Eastern Sudan.
Our work covers a range of issues facing the people of Sudan. We are enhancing self-reliance through community managed and funded WASH services for conflict-affected communities, including long-displaced populations. We are responding to the emergency nutrition and protection needs of populations. We are increasing disaster preparedness by developing emergency response plans with local government officials. We are increasing the resilience of conflict-affected families to economic and social shocks by increasing their access to market-driven livelihood.
Since 1985, our work in Sudan has reached hundreds of thousands of people. Here are a few of our most recent results:
- We have assisted over 23,000 small farmers in South Darfur and South Kordofan states in growing enough food to cover their own yearly needs while still having surplus to sell in the local market.
- We have built the capacity of 10 community-based organizations in emergency preparedness, response and coordination in South Kordofan state.
- We improved the food security of 15,429 South Sudanese refugees through the development of sustainable livelihoods opportunities
- We have delivered clean drinking water to more than 265,000 individuals in conflict-affected communities in South Darfur and South Kordofan States
How to help
Sudan: Children in Blue Nile state
Children in Kurmuk, Sudan, clown for the camera. The city in the Blue Nile state, along the country's southern border, has been besieged by conflict since South Sudan's independence last July, as the countries struggle to negotiate resources and borders.
Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan: Horror in the Horn of Africa: reflections and projections
I first encountered extreme poverty and hunger in 1972 when I drove through Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Zambia on a church mission trip. It struck me in the heart and I felt helpless.
Sudan: Mayol Dau inside his shop
Mayol Dau does three things in his shop: credit card transfers over the phone, repair of mobile phones and recharging of mobile phone batteries.
Sudan: Mayol Dau outside his shop in Aweng, Sudan
Fifteen-year-old Mayol Dau started a cell phone business, with help from Mercy Corps, to help his family buy food. Now he's also using the money to pay for school fees to further his studies.
Sudan: Feet of Achol Ngong Chan and two of her children
Achol, her husband and their five children had to walk two days before reaching this displacement camp.
Sudan: Achol Ngong Chan and her children
Achol Ngong Chan and a few of her children, outside their makeshift shelter in a displacement camp near Agok, Sudan.
Sudan: Alfonse Pawil at a Mercy Corps Civil Society Resource Center
After years spent displaced during Sudan's long civil war, 20-year-old Alfonse Pawil is now enrolled in a Mercy Corps-sponsored computer training course in Turalei, his hometown.
Sudan: An uncertain future for Nyan-man Ajiing and her children
"I’m a returnee from Khartoum and now a displaced person from Abyei," 30-year-old Nyan-man Ajiing explained.
Sudan: Out of destruction, rebuilding hope in Abyei
It has been just over two and a half years since clashes between the northern Sudan Armed Forces and the southern Sudan People’s Liberation Army burned Abyei town to the ground.
Sudan: A step forward in Darfur
Mercy Corps Scotland is preparing to enter Darfur to help thousands of Sudanese impacted by the continuing strife there. These are families who have lost nearly everything — their homes, their farms, their loved ones — and have been living in tent camps ever since.