George Papandreou has served as the 11th Prime Minister of Greece after PASOK’s victory in the October 2009 national elections. He was named as one of Foreign Policy magazine’s Top 100 Global Thinkers in 2010 for “making the best of Greece’s worst year.” After completing his university studies at Amherst College in Massachusetts and graduate studies at the LSE, Papandreou won an MP seat for the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) party in 1981. He has served in the Greek parliament ever since. As Foreign Minister from 1999-2004, he was widely praised for his diplomatic bridge building. He successfully negotiated better relations with former rival Turkey. In 2004, Papandreou was elected leader of PASOK in the country's first open primary — a move highly symbolic of his commitment to participatory governance — and held that position until March 2012. He is also the president of Socialist International, an international association of 168 social democratic, socialist and labour parties.